Analysis and Prediction of the Impact of Fires on Air Quality in the Mediterranean and Europe
APIFLAME is a french project funded by the PRIMEQUAL program for 3 years starting in 2010.
The main objectives of the project are briefly presented for each workpackage.
A summary presentation (for the PRIMEQUAL 2010 launch seminar) may be found here.
Evaluating fire emissions
A first version of the APIFLAME inventory will be available beginning of 2011.
(Contact: S. Turquety)
- Development of a high resolution fire emission inventory for Europe and the Mediterranean based on MODIS aera burned product, and including updated emission factors for mediterranean species from specific combustion chamber experiments (at LA)
- Comparison to other existing inventories (FINN, GFED)
- Evaluation of emission factors against satellite observations (IASI)
- Adaptation to near-real time analysis to allow chemical forecast
Transport and evolution of fire plumes
This part aims at better understanding the evolution of fresh plumes in order to improve the simulation of the long-range transport. Therefore, the case study of the large Greek fires in 2007 will be analyzed in details. Fires in Eastern Europe, strongly burning every year, will also be analyzed.
- Integration of a pyroconvection module in the CHIMERE model, of a plume-in-grid processing in the POLAIR-3D model
- Evaluation of the transport pathways against satellite observations: CO (IASI), AOD (PARASOL, MODIS)
- Evaluation of vertical shape of transported plumes against CALIOP lidar observations
- Analysis of the chemical evolution of fresh plumes using high resolution simulations
Relative impact on surface air quality
Regional modeling will be used to evaluate the impact of fires on surface air quality (O3 and PM) for the 2005-2010 time period, using surface and satellite observations to validate results.
Forecasting the impact of fires
The fire emissions and transport module will be integrated in the near-real time modeling and forecasting plateforms: COSY at LMD for a preliminary test, and the operational PREVAIR system once the module in mature.
Last modified 10/12/2010